For more than a decade, CCA Florida and hundreds of local CCA chapter members have contributed thousands of volunteer hours and acquired funding to help restore Florida's fragile marine habitat. Volunteers have contributed to offshore and nearshore reef development, oyster reef restoration, shoreline stabilization, and planted literally hundreds of acres of saltmarsh, seagrass beds and mangroves. Many of these projects were partially or wholly funded through foundation grants acquired by CCA Florida, CCA National’s Building Conservation Trust (BCT) Fund, and from donations by local CCA chapters and generous individual members.
Chapter: South Palm Beach
Contact: Scott Harris, J.D. Dickenson
Marine fisheries and recreational angling off the coast of Jupiter, Florida, recently got a yet another boost with the placement of 100 artificial reef modules on August 8 and 9, 2016. The modules are made of three different designs to create a new 600 feet long by 100 feet wide reef located 1.5 miles northeast of Jupiter Inlet. The new reef is comprised of 50 eight foot tall limestone rock encrusted concrete pyramids, 35 seven foot tall Bahamian coral head replicas and 15 unique concrete block structures.
No Shoes Reefs Project, the partnership between Building Conservation Trust (BCT), CCA’s National Habitat Program, Country Superstar Kenny Chesney and ENGEL Coolers have contributed to the Andrew “Red” Harris Foundation, for phase two of the Andrew “Red” Harris No Shoes Reef. BCT Executive Director Sean Stone said on Monday, “The Andrew “Red” Harris No Shoes Reef is a great example of what the power of partnerships can do when deciding how to best bring awareness to ocean conservation and habitat through artificial reefs. The No Shoes Reefs Project brings needed dollars along with national awareness through our social channels with our partners.”
Like the Andrew “Red” Harris Foundation Reef deployed last year, this new reef site is expected to positively impact local economies by enticing anglers and divers who utilize local boat charters, hotels, restaurants and other amenities.
Chapter: South Walton
Contact: Andy McAlexander
Andy McAlexander from the South Walton Chapter set up a non-profit association to build reefs and oyster habitat restoration projects along the gulf shores of Walton County in the Panhandle. On July 10, 2015 the South Walton Artificial Reef Association (SWARA) deployed the first half of 58 artificial reef structures off of Grayton Beach State Park. This is the first of several snorkel and fishing reefs planned that will span across south Walton County. The completion of this reef is set for the end of September or early October 2015. An additional 684 structures will also be deployed sometime in 2016.
SWARA has plans for multiple oyster habitat projects and near shore snorkeling and fishing reefs. The long term goal of SWARA is to improve the water quality, increase tourism and enhance the lifestyle of the local residents and visitors. SWARA is working on some local funding to get the projects off the ground with the majority of the funds coming from BP monies set aside from the Deepwater Horizon disaster. SWARA has ambitious plans for the area and will be a huge asset for CCA in the Panhandle for years to come.
Contact: Don Roberts
Tampa Bay Watch, in partnership with the Florida Aquarium and CCA Florida, will be moving forward with a shoreline stabilization project that will allow the creation of new oyster dome and oyster bar habitat along the southern shoreline of Fantasy Island. The oyster dome field and oyster shell bar have been designed to help stabilize approximately 700’ of severely eroding shoreline, provide hard bottom habitats for fish and wildlife resources and promote water quality improvements in the Tampa Bay ecosystem. CCA Florida received a generous matching challenge grant award from the Duckwall Foundation for $25,000. On April 11, 2016 Tampa Bay Watch received $75,000 from CCA Florida, the Building Conservation Trust, and the Duckwall Foundation to sponsor the construction and community involvement of the Fantasy Island Project.
This project involves the placement of 1,080 oyster domes and approximately 41.5 tons of fossilized shell along the southern shoreline of the island. Placed Lo-Pro Reef Ball™ units will provide wave attenuation to assist with erosion control and to provide habitat for marine life. These reef balls are well suited for the establishment of oysters that are common along the Fantasy Island shoreline and throughout Tampa Bay. Placing the Lo-Pro’s in approximately two feet of water will allow the units to be mostly exposed during low tide and totally submerged at high tide; conditions which are optimum for oysters in Tampa Bay. Reef ball units will create habitat by encouraging oysters and other filter feeders to attach. The oyster dome placement will occur after the oyster shell bar has been built so as to minimize and safety issues and disturbance to the habitat. The project is scheduled for deployment in the fall 2016.
Contact: Don Roberts
Tampa Bay Watch, in partnership with the NOAA Restoration Center and the Port of Tampa Bay, is proposing a community-based oyster creation project to install approximately 12,100 square feet (0.27 ac) of new oyster reef communities on the eastern shoreline of Spoil Island 2D in Tampa Bay, Florida. The Building Conservation Trust has committed $25,000 to Tampa Bay Watch to work with the local chapters of CCA and other youth and adult community volunteers to construct the new oyster reefs in Tampa Bay. The 2-D island is located just north of the Fantasy Island oyster restoration project.
Contact: Don Roberts
CCA Florida and the Lee County Department of Natural Resources partnered to deploy the USCGC Mohawk to its final resting place. The 165-foot World War II Coast Guard Cutter, "Mohawk" was the last remaining ship of the Battle of the Atlantic. The Mohawk was laid to rest in 90 feet of water on July 2, 2012 approximately 28 nautical miles off of Sanibel Island on Florida’s southwest coast, creating the first Veterans Memorial Reef dedicated to all U.S. veterans.
CCA Florida chartered the 90’ "Great Getaway" that transported over 100 passengers to the deployment site. The passengers included USCG 2nd Class Petty Officer Edward March who served on the Mohawk for 15 months during WWII, his family, local veterans, members of the media, local and state dignitaries and elected officials as well as CCA members from across the state of Florida. The Mohawk was laid to rest with a fresh coat of wartime camouflage paint along with her anchor chains, props, replica guns, replica depth charges and even a new whale boat was added. The official name of the reef is the U.S.S. Mohawk CGC Veterans Memorial Reef and the coordinates are 82°43'42.347"W, 26°33'14.64"N.
Chapter: South Palm Beach
Contact: J.D. Dickenson
The Goggle Eye Reef was once a productive reef that was completely smothered by sand 10 to 15 years ago. On September 15, 2015, about 700 tons of limestone boulders and scrap concrete were dumped into the ocean about a half-mile northeast of the Boynton Beach Inlet in an effort to rebuild the natural reef that had been degraded by years storms and shifting sand. Workers on a tugboat and a 200-foot barge spent most of the day at the reef site. J.D. Dickenson of the South Palm Beach chapter of the CCA Florida, which spearheaded the project, and Palm Beach County Environmental Resources Management engineers monitored the reef construction. CCA Florida raised $85,000 in grants and donations to build the reef, which will provide ideal habitats for fish on the natural limestone Goggle Eye Reef, which was covered by sand.
Most of the money for the project came from the Community Foundation for Palm Beach and Martin Counties, which contributed $55,000, and Impact 100, which awarded grants totalling $17,000. The project also received funding from CCA’s Building Conservation Trust Fund, the Merrill G. and Emita E. Hastings Foundation, and many individual contributors. Eventually the reef will recruit sea fans and live corals and is expected to attract as many as 60 species of fish. Near shore artificial reefs are badly needed in South Palm Beach County as many natural reefs have been eroded and covered by sand. There are more inlets in the southern part of the county coastline and more beach renourishment projects, both of which contribute to natural reef systems being buried by shifting sands.
Chapter: South Palm Beach
Contact: Scott Harris, J.D. Dickenson
Marine fisheries and recreational angling off the coast of Jupiter, Florida, recently got a boost with the placement of 40 artificial reef cells in 88 feet of water in August 2015. The CCA Building Conservation Trust contributed $25,000 to the Andrew “Red” Harris Foundation for the project, which utilized innovative reefing materials to create a thriving new ecosystem. The site for the project off Jupiter is currently flat, featureless sand plains near the existing Zion Train, Miss Jenny and ESSO Bonaire “Wreck Trek.” The new reef cells rise up to eight feet off the sea floor and create interconnected cavities and surfaces exposed to sunlight and water current. The structures are designed to provide a specific habitat environment favored by a wide range of marine organisms so that where there is now only flat sand, a flourishing ecosystem will develop.
The new reef site is expected to positively impact local economies by enticing anglers and divers who utilize local boat charters, hotels, restaurants and other amenities. According to Alan Richardson, chairman of the Organization for Artificial Reefs based in Tallahassee, Florida, for every dollar spent locally on an artificial reef, $138 comes back into local communities. In addition to the Building Conservation Trust, the Andrew “Red” Harris Foundation is partnering on the $78,000 project with Palm Beach County, the Town of Jupiter, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, the Palm Beach County Fishing Foundation, REEF CELLS and Jupiter Dive Center.
Chapter: Treasure Coast
Contact: Capt. Paul Dritenbas
The Treasure Coast Chapter of CCA continues to work with the Vero Beach Rotary Club on several projects on the Mooring Flats in the Indian River. Paul Dritenbas, an architect, fishing guide, Rotarian and unwavering CCA volunteer, is leading an effort called Rotary Initiative for Submerged Seagrass Awareness (RISSA) that now surround the grass flats with a ring of buoys and warning signs to protect it from damage by powerboats.
The first phase of the project consisted of placing 24 large, floating buoys labeled, “Caution Seagrass Area” around the Moorings Flats. The second phase consisted of surrounding an existing 400 square foot oyster bar on the Moorings Flats with approximately 1,200 16” x 16” black poly mesh oyster mats. The 1,200 mats enlarged the oyster bar area to approximately 2,500 square feet.
A total of three additional oyster restoration sites named CCA #1, CCA #2 and CCA #3 were also permitted and approved for deployment. CCA #1 was permitted in March of 2014 and with the help of many volunteers the oyster mats were installed in April 2014. A total of 912 mats containing over 1,600 square feet were successfully deployed. The site location was strategically placed in an idle speed area along a tidal spit between two spoil islands in St. Lucie County.
The CCA #2 oyster reef was deployed on May 7, 2016 and consists of 1,020 oyster mats located in the Indian River on the northwest side or Spoil Island IR26, northeast of Loggerhead Marina and west of the Johns Island subdivision. The 1,020 oyster mats contain an area of approximately 1,800 square feet. Over 50 volunteers participated and included the CCA Treasure Coast Chapter, the Rotary Club Vero Beach Sunrise, the Vero Beach Power Squadron, the Walking Tree Brewery, and the Indian River High School Girls & Boys Rowing Team. Oyster spat traps were deployed at 3 additional locations for the future deployment of a new, permitted CCA #3 oyster reef. The deployment for CCA #3 is tentatively scheduled for the fall 2016 or spring 2017. To date, CCA Florida has donated almost $18,000 to this habitat restoration project!
Contact: Greg Harrison
On August 7, 2015, twenty-four “Florida limestone” modules were deployed east of the popular 8A reef off the Brevard coast. The modules are made of concrete and natural stone intended to attract marine growth as quickly as possible. At 8 feet tall and with a 10-foot triangular base, each module boasts over 367 square feet of surface area. The reef was deployed in a 4-by-6 grid with 20 feet between each module and weighed in at over 72 tons of material.
Thanks to CCA Orlando life member Greg Harrison working with Matt C. Culver, Boating & Waterways Program coordinator for the Brevard County Natural Resources Management Department, the project was a huge success. Unlike many permits that only cover a small area, the permit for this reef covers an area of nearly 4 square miles. With the permitting already approved, adding to this reef should be more streamlined and less expensive in the future.
Contact: Greg Harrison
Since 2008, CCA Orlando life member Greg Harrison CCA Florida has been partnering with the University of Central Florida (UCF) and the Brevard Zoo on several oyster restoration and shoreline stabilization projects in the Mosquito Lagoon. Greg was instrumental in getting many volunteers to assist over the years with what is quickly becoming Florida’s and the nation’s most publicized habitat project. To date, the number of volunteers on this project total 44,563 for oyster restoration and 7,270 for living shorelines. That’s an amazing total of 51,833 volunteers to date!
Led by Dr. Linda Walters, a UCF biological sciences professor, over 43,000 deployed oyster mats have restored on 77 oyster reefs, covering a footprint area of 2.20 acres in Mosquito Lagoon. The mats on the restored reefs are maintaining their structure and are not being dislodged by boat wakes. Analysis of the monitoring data over the past eight years shows that, to date, this methodology that couples dead margin leveling with placement of oyster mats on the leveled shell material is exceeding all structural and functional monitoring plan objectives. On restored reefs: 1) no dead margins have reformed, 2) recruitment of oysters on 2007 mats continues to increase and is now an average of 235.9 live oysters per mat (0.25 m2) or 943.6 live oysters per square meter, 3) recruitment continued to occur during 2 years with brown tide (Aureoumbra lagunensis) blooms, and 4) seagrass recruited seaward of 21 of 73 (28.8%) reefs restored between 2007 and 2015. If you multiply the mean recruitment value for 2007 reefs by the number of mats deployed, this project has supplied substrate at the appropriate lagoon depths to potentially restore over 10,204,798 oysters to the waters of Mosquito Lagoon. Overall, this project has been exceptionally successful in terms of oyster recruitment, habitat improvement, and community engagement. This is an ongoing project in which additional funding and volunteers are needed for future oyster restoration and shoreline stabilization projects!
Contact: Peyton Scheppe
CCA Florida assisted with the splash down of two new fishing reefs less than half a mile from the I-95 Bridge over the St. Johns River in downtown Jacksonville in 2014. The total cost of the project was $60,000 and the Jacksonville Chapter of CCA Florida raised 50 percent of the necessary funding. The Building Conservation Trust, CCA’s national habitat program, garnered support from country music star Kenny Chesney and Costa Sunglasses among others for donations for the remaining $30,000 to the project. Named the Coastal Conservation Association and George Holt Reefs, the man-made reefs were designed to promote quality of aquatic life. They were built through the support of Kenny Chesney’s ongoing partnership with Costa Del Mar Sunglasses and the CCA Building Conservation Trust. An east Tennessee songwriter/superstar, Chesney visited the completed reefs in June 2015.
Thirteen hundred tons of concrete were used to create the two reefs. In total, 18 barge loads were needed to carry the material to the two designated reef sites. Each reef measures 200 feet by 200 feet, and each was built in a two-week time frame to minimize disruption. The effort attracted widespread support including the City of Jacksonville, who embraced the idea and handled all the permitting requirements for the reefs. Among the volunteers working for the habitat enhancement is the former chairman of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Kathy Barco.
Chapter: Martin/St. Lucie
Contact: Frank Gidus
CCA Florida partnered with the Florida Oceanographic Society (FOS) to create oyster habitat and to restore seagrass in the Indian River in Martin County, Florida. The first phase of the project, which deployed on April 29-30, 2016, consisted of deploying 1200 bags of shell (average weight of 10lbs. each) across both days (300 on 4/29 and 900 on 4/30). The areal footprint of the reefs was approximately 600 sq. ft. (150 sq. ft. per site). The project is located at four sites (known as LS-01, LS-03, LS-04 and LS-05), within the Indian River, a Class III water, Outstanding Florida Waterbody, Jensen Beach to Jupiter Inlet Aquatic Preserve.
A total 1,410 sq. ft. of shoal grass (Halodule wrightii) was planted at the four sites on May 25, 2016. 100 mats of seagrass, each containing an average of 16 shoots for a total of at least 1600 shoots, were planted. These oyster reef and seagrass planting activities have resulted in 4,460 square feet (0.10 acres) of restoration work in the Indian River.